Federal Register: June 6, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 109)]
Extension of Import Restrictions Imposed on Archaeological and Ethnological Materials From Peru
[Rules and Regulations]
DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY
SUMMARY: In T.D. 97-50, the Customs Regulations were amended to reflect the imposition of import restrictions on certain archaeological and ethnological materials originating in Peru. These restrictions were imposed pursuant to an agreement between the United States and Peru that was entered into under the authority of the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act in accordance with the 1970 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property. Recently, the Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs, United States Department of State, determined that conditions continue to warrant the imposition of these import restrictions for a period of five years from June 9, 2002. Thus, this document amends the Customs Regulations to reflect that the import restrictions continue. T.D. 97-50 contains the Designated List of Archaeological and Ethnological Materials that describes the articles to which the restrictions and this extension of restrictions apply.
EFFECTIVE DATE: This regulation becomes effective on June 6, 2002.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: (Regulatory Aspects) Joseph Howard, Intellectual Property Rights Branch (202) 927-2336; (Operational Aspects) Al Morawski, Trade Operations (202) 927-0402.
Pursuant to the provisions of the 1970 UNESCO Convention, codified into U. S. law as the Convention on Cultural Property Implementation Act (Pub. L. 97-446, 19 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.) (the Act), the United States entered into a bilateral agreement with the Republic of Peru on June 9, 1997, concerning the imposition of import restrictions on certain pre-Columbian archaeological materials of Peru dating to the Colonial period and certain Colonial ethnological material from Peru. The U.S. Customs Service issued T.D. 97-50 (62 FR 31713, June 11, 1997) amending Sec. 12.104g(a) of the Customs Regulations (19 CFR 12.104g(a)) to reflect the imposition of these restrictions for a period of five years.
Prior to the issuance of T.D. 97-50, Customs issued T.D. 90-37 (55 FR 19029, May 7, 1990) imposing emergency import restrictions on certain archaeological materials of Peru from the Sipan Archaeological Region forming part of the remains of the Moche culture. Under T.D. 90-37, Sec. 12.104g(b) (19 CFR 12.104g(b)) of the regulations pertaining to emergency restrictions was amended accordingly. This emergency protection was extended in T.D. 94-54 (59 FR 32902, June 27, 1994).
Subsequently, the archaeological materials covered by T.D. 90-37 were subsumed in T.D. 97-50 when it was published in 1997, at which time the emergency restrictions of T.D. 90-37 (as extended by T.D. 94-54) were removed from Sec. 12.104g(b).
On March 5, 2002, the Assistant Secretary of Educational and Cultural Affairs, Department of State, after considering the findings and recommendations of the Cultural Property Advisory Committee and concluding that the cultural heritage of Peru continues to be in jeopardy from pillage of the archaeological and ethnological materials subject of the import restrictions of T.D. 97-50, made the necessary determinations to extend the import restrictions for an additional five years (in the Determination to Extend the Memorandum of Understanding Between the United States of America and the Government of Peru
Concerning the Imposition of Import Restrictions on Archaeological Material from the Prehispanic Cultures and Certain Ethnological Material from the Colonial Period of Peru, Signed on June 9, 1997). Accordingly, Customs is amending Sec. 12.104g(a) to reflect the extension of the import restrictions.
It is noted that the materials identified in T.D. 97-50 as ``certain pre-Columbian archaeological materials of Peru dating to the Colonial period and certain Colonial ethnological material from Peru'' are referred to in the Determination to Extend as ``Archaeological Material from the Prehispanic Cultures and Certain Ethnological Material from the Colonial Period of Peru.'' The materials identified in T.D. 97-50 and those identified in the Determination to Extend are one and the same materials. The restrictions on the importation of these archaeological and ethnological materials from Peru are to continue in effect for five years from June 9, 2002. Importation of these materials continues to be restricted unless the conditions set forth in 19 U.S.C. 2606 and 19 CFR 12.104c are met. For example, these materials may be permitted entry if accompanied by appropriate export certification issued by the Government of Peru, or documentation showing that exportation from Peru occurred on or before June 11, 1997, or, with respect to materials from the Sipan archaeological region, on or before May 7, 1990. See 19 U.S.C. 2606(b)(1) and (2)(B); 19 CFR 12.104c(a) and (c).
Inapplicability of Notice and Delayed Effective Date
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The principal author of this document was Bill Conrad, Regulations Branch, Office of Regulations and Rulings, U.S. Customs Service.
List of Subjects in 19 CFR Part 12
Customs duties and inspections, Imports, Cultural property.
Amendment to the Regulations
Accordingly, Part 12 of the Customs Regulations (19 CFR part 12) is amended as set forth below:
1. The general authority and specific authority citations for Part
12, in part, continue to read as follows:
Authority: 5 U.S.C. 301, 19 U.S.C. 66, 1202 (General Note 23,
Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS)), 1624;
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Sections 12.104 through 12.104i also issued under 19 U.S.C.
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Sec. 12.104g [Amended]
2. In Sec. 12.104g(a), the list of agreements imposing import restrictions on described articles of cultural property of State Parties is amended in the entry for Peru by adding ``extended by T.D. -30'' immediately after ``T.D. 97-50'' in the column headed ``T.D. No.''.
Approved: June 3, 2002
Timothy E. Skud,
[FR Doc. 0214219 Filed 6-5-02; 8:45 am]